Common Eye Conditions Caused By Diabetes

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If you are suffering from diabetes, this can have an impact on your vision. You might believe that you are going blind, but many of the effects of diabetes on your vision are temporary.

Temporary Blurred Vision

When you notice blurry vision, do not assume that you need new glasses. This is often a temporary problem that is only caused by high blood sugar. By getting your blood sugar levels stabilized, your vision will improve again.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is the most serious condition associated with diabetes and vision. This condition can lead to you losing some or all of your vision. However, the extent to which diabetic retinopathy affects your vision depends on the type of diabetic retinopathy you have. Fortunately, the most common type only causes blood vessels to bulge somewhat and many patients do not even realize they have it. A retinal screening test will determine how severe your diabetic retinopathy is and whether you need further treatment. However, diabetic retinopathy will get worse if it is left untreated.

At some point, diabetic retinopathy progresses to a point where blood vessels are blocked. This is the point at which the disease may begin to affect your vision. At the severe stage, so many blood vessels are blocked that the retina becomes damaged.

Proliferative Retinopathy

Proliferative retinopathy is the most severe form. At this point, your eye sends a signal for blood vessels to grow in parts of the eye that cause the blood vessels to be very abnormal. These blood vessels can rupture and bleed, causing damage to your eyes.


Those with diabetes are also more susceptible to glaucoma. Glaucoma results from when pressure builds up in the eye. This can pinch blood vessels and cause damage. Fortunately, there are treatments for glaucoma.


While anyone can get cataracts, it is much more common for diabetic patients to suffer from cataracts. Also, those with diabetes are more likely to get cataracts at a younger age. You may need to wear sunglasses to protect your eyes. However, if you choose to have your lens removed, your retinopathy might be worse if you have diabetes.

Given all of the potential health problems that can affect your vision when you develop diabetes, it is essential that you have a conversation with your doctor about how to treat all of the symptoms of diabetes. You will also want to coordinate with both your doctor and optometrist.  

Reach out to a center like All About Eyes to learn more.